What is that?
The Charter of Rights of Homeless (Homeless Bill of Rights) It is a collection of basic rights taken from the European and international human rights. supporting, cities reaffirm their commitment to human rights that should guide all public actors to address the root causes of poverty and the Homeless. It is a flexible document that cities can translate and adapt to their environment, respecting the essence. Cities are strongly encouraged to build a locally participatory strategy to involve all stakeholders before the bill is signed by the board.
What is the context?
The cities, regions and even some countries in Europe are using the criminal and administrative justice systems to minimize the visibility of people living homeless. Governments have established formal and informal measures and applied policies to limit the number of Homeless and often punish those who engage in aid activities or living in public spaces.
The penalty could further push the Homeless into poverty and social exclusion. Rather than punish them, Local authorities should encourage them to demand their rights. Governments should guarantee the right to adequate housing and an adequate standard of living for all citizens. Public funding should be used to assist and protect families, not to perform costly penalization operations.
Therefore, in collaboration with Housing Rights Watch, we are launching this European campaign to encourage cities to recognize the rights of the Homeless. The international obligations to the United Nations level oblige Member States to ending homelessness within the 2030 and the EU's Urban Agenda must take into account what. The partnership for urban poverty has called on cities to adopt human rights based approaches to address urban poverty and the problem of the Homeless in their action plan.
How to approve the Declaration of the rights of the homeless:
There is no single procedure for approval. The approaches are quite different and adapted to the context. For example,, Slovenian FEANTSA members have translated the bill and submitted it to the major cities of the country leading to the municipal councils of four of those cities who have signed it. On the other hand, French members of FEANTSA in Paris have recently launched a strategy with all stakeholders working at the local level, including the Homeless themselves.
FEANTSA hopes that this initiative will help us raise a public debate on this issue and underline that a human rights-based approach is preferable to a punitive approach.
Cities that have signed:
Spain: Barcelona; Slovenia: Maribor, Slovenj Gradec, Kranj, Murska Sobota, but other major European cities have been contacted or have already initiated a process to sign the Charter of rights of the homeless.
For information contact Maria J. Aldanas
The Italian translation has been prepared for by fio.PSD Alexander Pezzoni, Advisor to the Board and shareholder Caritas Ambrosiana