You can give a home to a homeless person in Italy? Yes, it is possible!
It says Cristina Aboagye, President of fio.PSD (Italian Federation of Organizations for homeless people) “the possibility exists, It is concrete and is called Housing First: It provides a home, an operator, such courage, culture of, networking and costs 20 EUR per day. The 35 progetti Housing First, with the involvement of 48 organizations (Caritas, public entities, foundations, coops, associations) carried out by the 2014 in late December 2016, offered during the housing solutions trial to a total of 668 people (456 adults and 232 children) and, with the volume promoted by fio.PSD “Housing First Experimentation Housing First in Italy“, edited by Paolo Molinari and Anna Zenarolla and published in March by Franco Angeli, will make the results known, numbers and critical of the Italian Housing First program”
The book analyzes the city projects such as Bologna, Ragusa, Turin, Pisa, Padova, Syracuse, Noto, Milan, Pordenone, Chioggia, Rimini, Verona; cities that have integrated their services to homeless introducing the approach and methodologies Housing First.
The loss of home, job insecurity and falling into extreme poverty in Italy involving over 50 thousand people (STATE 2014 ). Chronic or those most difficult to engage, as they say among operators, are approximately 7 Mila. Housing First departed from them offering a solution had never before: the house. The real challenge for the social services system has in fact been to promote change and see the homeless person as a resource, bearer capability, desires and, of course, also of fragility.
At 31 December 2016, Paolo Molinari tells us that “Housing First” It is generally been possible for 358 adults (to add their children), welcomed as individual persons or households, of which 246 homeless and homeless; 90 accommodation risk loss or insecure accommodation; 22 who lived highly inadequate accommodation” (all situations of severe housing deprivation). Compared to citizenship adults were welcomed to 57,8% Italian and 42,7% foreigners. In addition there 157 people (98 adults, more 59 children) outputs from the program in the course of the trial. Of these the 62,3% successful and achieved autonomy, the 31,6% with negative results, the 6,1% with other outcomes. This means that in less than two years well 61 extremely poor and vulnerable adults have succeeded with the Housing First project with the social professional work to achieve autonomy economic / employment, a population independence, it means that they enjoyed a family reunion, an overcoming of their criticality. Housing First, however, is not a service one size fit as they say in Europe or does not fit all. Only 31 adults have left the program because of incompatibility, rejecting the plan, Failure to comply with the pact HF, abandonments volunteers.
HF provides a home, social coaching, a customized project and plans as long as even the shared cost of living of the people themselves or families accepted, in the available possibilities (in December 2016 the 51,4% of adults he was greeted compartecipando to varying degrees in spending). It requires commitment, perseverance and desire to recover. The results are promising and if observed considering the residual nature often associated with emergency threshold services, suggest that i recently funds allocated by the Ministry of Social Policy (50+20 million euro for the gross margins provided for by PON Inclusion and FEAD) find an adequate response in existing services or promote other.
Among the challenges to those who make Housing First, Also the possibility of finding adequate housing in the private market and in neighborhoods “normal” has found unthinkable solutions start of the trial. Are 190 The units used by organizations to accommodate the homeless (the 29% individual housing, the 40% single family accommodation and only 31% shared accommodation 2 or more people); the 70% housing has been acquired free private market). Sociability and Integration, participation and activation within the community are in fact the basis of a concrete path inclusive especially for homeless people which alongside to the eternal problems related to insufficient income, odd jobs and substandard housing, have high levels of insulation, fragile psychological trauma or post losses, addiction.
- Housing First offers the ability to manage smaller units rather than large shelters to complex management, allowing you to make effective social integration processes and give active social presence to those who are always called invisible.
- With Housing First change the organizational culture. Social work is the central node. Equipe multi Professional formed by educators, psychologists, social workers, as well as volunteers ready to make the accompaniments more light or to keep company to the persons received. People are followed from their homes with accompaniments and regular home visits.
One of the most significant aspects of the Housing First trial, Anna explains how Zenarolla, It has been to invest heavily in monitoring and rating. The entire volume is the result of the activity of a Scientific Committee who reported the results of evaluations carried out by different methods and disciplinary approaches.
The University of Padova, He studied the effects of’ HF Health, the integration and satisfaction a group of 55 people accommodated in single and shared apartments. The mental and physical health is stable. Social integration has improved thanks to the activities proposed by the operators and the person with the ability to restore family and friendship ties. 80% have met people to share a cup of coffee, Lunch or dinner. The 67% She has made new friends outside the home. But certainly the most important result is the live of new home, take care of yourself and do small daily tasks that if measured on people who have lived the way for many years, results are very encouraging.
The University of Catania, together with Caritas of Syracuse, He has developed a dedicated software to quantify the resources needed to carry out a Housing First project. The study of some projects (Caltanissetta, Cesena, Milan, Ravenna, Rimini, Syracuse) It emerges as the average daily cost per person acca HF is 20,00 for a monthly cost of 600,00 Euro. The costs related to qualified personnel, to housing and ancillary services (medici, psychologists, lawyers, family mediators, etc) obviously they vary from context to context and the complexity of the persons received but these data help us to understand the opportunities it creates for HF services in the long run.
The Institute of Social and Economic Research of Friuli Venezia Giulia (IRES FVG Social Enterprise) It ensured the monitoring and management of online support tools. The monitoring plan was in the process of initiating projects undertaken HF recording schedules (analysis context and its process, the organizational arrangements, human resources, real estate facilities, etc.) and socio master, of uncomfortable issues, of housing deprivation (ETHOS classification) of adult beneficiaries of HF programs.
Polytechnic and University of Turin have visited 14 houses and met 26 inhabitants that have become the protagonists of an extraordinary moment looking through the participation and tools like video tour and photo voice Starting from space, small and simple, and objects, intimate and personal, the researchers were able to bring out the experiences suspending judgment against the people and things but actually observing how the conscious and safe freedom to act in time allows the person to become capable of choosing, self-determination and to live.
The University of Calabria He presented a case study on cosentina experiments also presenting the fascinating stories of life and social histories of the people seen by the project. The researchers also wanted to show how the HF approach application requires a strong involvement of institutions because if there is a weakness and a weak welfare are grafted ensure social innovation practices, but intended, as in the case cosentino, to fail in the long run.
- HF has made possible what until recently seemed impossible: give a home to a homeless person.
- HF is an innovation system that breaks tradition. Change the paradigm of intervention in homelessness.
- HF also allows you to hook the most critical situations and out of the house to plan together a decent life path.
- The HF potential is now linked to the relationship with the institutions and the community.
Dedicated to Angelo, Abdel, Natasha, Maria, Ivan, Wanda…
Rome, 3 may 2018