The Housing First and its evolutionary path from America to Europe ...
The Housing First approach already has its roots in the 50s and 60s in the United States but became best known in the 90s when Sam Tsemberis, considered its founder, start at New York the program Pathways to Housing that is based on the assumption that main the House is a primary human right.
The principles that guide this approach – and that completely overturn the traditional route with steps (staircase), evidently insufficient to respond to the complexity of Homelessness, because based on standard rules too strict (one size fit) – are: understanding the needs of the user; a support that lasts for as long as necessary; access to independent apartments located in various areas of the city (scattered site housing); separation of treatment from the right to housing; self-determination of the subject in the choices to be made; definition of a support program shared between social service and user (recovery orientation); harm reduction.
Many studies over the last twenty years have shown the positive effects of HF on different levels. The 80% of people manage to keep the House two years after entering the housing first program. Reducing the use of drugs or alcohol is high among people who remain supported by the program. The availability of a home will affect positively on the physical and mental wellbeing of the person by reducing the cost of medical treatment and medicines. The effect of "social inclusion" is enhanced by the opportunities that the House, as a place of self care, of identity and belonging to a community, has the person in housing first. Although the integration into employment remains a critical point (and also just being investigated by research on HF), some research has shown that the person may wish to be involved in the labour market through a process of self-esteem and empowerment that the accommodation can offer. Finally, much research has focused on reducing the cost of public administration and management of HF for the taxpayer than the staircase. PHF in fact does not require an offer of housing dedicated but suitable apartments are sufficient to accommodate people entering the program, which sharing the rent payment using, where there is, a portion of its federal minimum wage or allowance. In addition, HF approach reduces the use of beds in dorms, Hostels and the entrance to the emergency room (representing a savings of 50% costs for Administration and public health). Finally will lower the probability of commit a crime and be arrested (representing a savings for the taxpayer).
Although the Housing First is not the solution to all forms of homelssness (Pleace 2010), other experiences of housing first spread in different parts of the world and each one introduces into his model some novelty item that makes it more consistent to their specificity.
In Europe, starting from 2006, spreads a number of initiatives supported by the European PROGRESS programme. The first is "Discus Housing Firts" in Amsterdam, that along with "ACT in Copenhagen", “Turning Point Scotland"in Glasgow, “Casas Primeiro"in Lisbon, "Paper Forest Project" in Budapest are the top five European cities to embrace the so-called "pure" housing first model — the one conceived by Sam Tsemberis. These towns are part of the European network "Housing First Europe"that, born as a pilot project supported by the DG for Employment, social affairs and equal opportunities area, become over the years a network of continuous learning and dissemination of best practice.
The Conference held in Amsterdam last June 2013, where Italy also participated with fio. PSD as a member of the Steering group, It was an opportunity to discuss and facilitate comparison between promoters of HFE, where the effects of the approach were assessed (test cities) and other cities (These Peer cities) where you are experimenting only HF projects that follow the American model (Dublin, Gent, Gothenburg, Helsinki and Vienna).
Even more recently in Lisbon, the 9 December 2013, during the Conference Ending Homelessness, hosted by theUniversity Institute of psychological Sciences, Social and life, a group of scholars and experts from all over the world decide to expand your network and start the work of starting an international network on Housing First. On this occasion the Italy and fio. PSD are present and are promoters of the process. (Download the report)
News & Updates
After previewing the 10 February here is the selection of photographs of the Housing First Photo Workshop The photographs are available to the media and journalists to accompany articles and insights on Homelessness, Poverty, Homelessness,...read more
Housing First, literally "first home", It born in the United States in the nineties and provides a direct passage from the street to the house for people without chronic dwelling and mental disorders. To the person who lives on the street or in a dormitory is ...read more
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The main objective of the Padua Conference was to meet and talk to the international community Housing First "Networking and dissemination of the results of Housing First projects" They were the words several times ...read more
From 18 at 19 June will be held in Padua the Third International Conference First sull'Housing The purpose of this conference is to explore the changes in services for the homeless, share knowledge on search, practice, politics and activism and promote ...read more
In this issue: 1) Spring School 2018 2) Assembly members open 3) Padova 18-19 June 4) New Members fio.PSD 5) Call per PIE4shelters 6) Events in Italy 7) Events in Europe 8) Young Researcher Award 9) News...read more
PRESS RELEASE You can give a home to a homeless person in Italy? Yes, it is possible! He says Cristina Avonto, President of fio.PSD (Italian Federation of Organizations for homeless people) "The possibility exists, It is concrete and is called ...read more
We publish the letter from Vice President Dominic Leggio who raises the new season Housing First under the coordination of fio.PSD Dear friends and dear friends of the Housing First Italian Network, it is with pleasure that I write to you on behalf of the presidency and all the ...read more
It was held in Amsterdam from 5 8 March, the second of the Train the trainer session (Training for trainers) organizzato dall'Housing First Europe Hub, who took part 37 participants from 13 European countries (Sweden, Spain, Belgium, England,...read more
The projects funded in the notice 4 - Pon-Inclusion Fead Ministry of LPS are ready to go! These loans amounting to 47.697.500 The Decree of 51 of the euro 6 February 2018 It kicked off the last four project proposals I ...read more