European classification on homelessness and the condition of homeless people


FEANTSA developed ETHOS, a European Classification Homeless and of’excluding housing. as a means to improve the understanding and measurement of the phenomenon Homelessness in Europe and to provide a “language” common

This type was launched in 2005 and it is used for different purposes: as a structure for debate, for data collection purposes, of policy development, monitoring and media

Ethos has been at the base of the two Surveys of Homeless fio.PSD conducted by the Ministry of Labor, Istat and Italian Caritas in 2007-2012 and repeated in 2013-2014

In 2017, the English version of ETHOS and ETHOS Light They have been redesigned to reflect the new visual identity of FEANTSA. While the first is a comprehensive framework for experts and academics, The Light version is intended as a harmonized definition of Homeless for statistical purposes

The Homeless are perceived and dealt with differently depending on the country. ETHOS has been developed through a review of existing definitions of the Homeless and the realities of the Homeless that service providers face daily. The categories then try to cover all situations of life that represent forms of homelessness across Europe:

  • homeless (without shelter of any kind, sleeping in approximate order)
  • homeless (with nowhere to sleep but temporary in institutions or in shelters)
  • insecure accommodation (threatened with severe exclusion due to insecure held, evictions, Domestic violence)
  • inadequate accommodation (in caravans on illegal campsites, in inadequate housing, in extreme overcrowding)

ETHOS Italian

ETHOS 2017 English

ETHOS 2017 (Light)